Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC)#1210-1321. United States Catholic Catechism for Adults Chapters 15, 16
From the Catechism of the Catholic Church.
- Baptism is an immersing that makes us God’s children (CCC#1214-1216). The essential rite of
Baptism includes (CCC#1239):
- Triple immersion or pouring water over head;
- Trinitarian Formula;
- Anointing with sacred Chrism (Infant Baptism);
- Only those not yet baptized can be baptized (CCC#1246-1255).
- Adults are prepared for Baptism through participation in the Catechumenate;
- Because of God’s gratuitous grace, infants can receive Baptism;
- The ordinary minister of Baptism are Bishops, Priests and Deacons;
- Anyone can baptize in case of necessity.
- Baptism is necessary for salvation (CCC#1257-1261).
- It is the only way known to the Church;
- God is not bound by this Sacrament;
- Baptism by blood or desire also saves;
- We can be saved without baptism only if we are ignorant;
- Children who die without Baptism are entrusted to God’s mercy.
- The effects of baptism are (CCC#1262-1274):
- Purification from all sins including;
- Personal (actual) sins;
- Original Sin;
- The consequences of (punishment for) sin;
- The remaining of some results of Original Sin:
- Suffering and frailties;
- Concupiscence – the attraction to sin.
- New birth in the Holy Spirit:
- Child of God (New Creature);
- Theological virtues of faith, hope, and love;
- The Gift of the Holy Spirit;
- Membership in Christ’s body;
- Share in the Priestly, prophetic and royal mission Christ;
- The ability to worship God.